SAGE – Student Study Site for Action Research: Improving Schools and Empowering Educators, Fourth Edition – Craig A. Mertler
- A research question is the fundamental question inherent in any research topic under investigation.
- Qualitative research questions are typically open-ended, providing for a holistic view; quantitative research questions are more focused, usually on only a few variables.
- Research questions should not be stated in a manner that assumes an answer before data have been collected.
- Research questions should be based in the body of literature related to the topic.
- Research questions must be able to be answered by collecting available data.
- Research questions must be ethical and feasible to answer.
- Hypotheses are tentative but intelligent, informed predictions about the findings of a study.
- Three types of hypotheses are the null hypothesis, the nondirectional research hypothesis, and the directional research hypothesis.
- The null hypothesis states that no effect, difference, or…